A scene from 'Memento'
Courtesy Photo
**** stars 116 minutes | Rated: R
Opened: Friday, March 30, 2001
Directed by Christopher Nolan

Starring Guy Pearce, Carrie-Anne Moss, Joe Pantoliano, Mark Boone Junior, Stephen Tobolowsky, Jorja Fox, Harriet Harris, Callum Keith Rennie

This film is on the Best of 2001 list.


Won't be as viscerally disorienting on the small screen and will certainly be harder to follow if you're not giving the film your undivided attention. For maximum impact, pretend you're in the theater: Lights out, no distractions! It's worth it.

   VIDEO RELEASE: 09.04.2001
Interesting and in-depth (if pretentious) IFC channel interview with Christopher Nolan. No commentary track, but that would just ruin some of the mystery anyway, so it's better without. Even the menus play into the shattered memory theme of the movie, loading links in different places on screen and flashing various menus (as if it were an error) from time to time. At times this makes navigation a pain in the butt, but it's a cool concept.

Coolest bonus: The entire text of Jonathan Nolan's "Memento Mori," the short story on which the film is based. (But why on screen instead of in booklet? Who wants to read their TV for 30m?). Tattoo gallery. Full web site (very surreal). Trailers aren't letterboxed :( but do include preview of "Following," Nolan's brilliant debut from 1999.

2.35:1 ratio; Dolby 5.1/2.0
DUBS: none
SUBS: English, Spanish

Nolan's brilliant first film "FOLLOWING" has also been released on DVD. Another chilling film with a jumbled time-line, it's about a compulsive but harmless stalker who follows random people for fun. He graduates to breaking into homes to invade victims' privacy more personally and winds up a victim himself. The DVD features a fantastic commentary track by Nolan, focusing on how to make a movie on a shoestring budget (and what he "got away with" doing). One feature allows you to restructure the story chronologically. Another lets you use the angle button to switch between film and script.

Trailers, this one DOES include "Memento." Go figure.

1.33:1 ratio; Dolby 2.0
DUBS: none
SUBS: English, Spanish



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Memory loss haunts man out to avenge wife's death in mesmerizing, told-in-reverse 'Memento'

By Rob Blackwelder

"Memento" opens with a seemingly motionless shot of a disturbing Polaroid photograph. A dead body lies face down with a bullet wound in the back of the head. As this shot lingers, the image in the snapshot begins to fade and lighten. Suddenly, the hand holding the photo shakes it around a little, like one does when waiting for a Polaroid to develop -- and the picture fades further. Soon the image of the body is gone completely.

By the time the blank photo jumps back into the camera and the flash goes off, you've already realized you're watching events unfold in reverse. Blood seeps up a wall and a gun flies back into the hands of the man with the camera. Bullet casings leap off the floor and reunite with bullets re-entering the barrel. The dead man stands up. You've just witnessed a murder -- backwards.

While the rest of action takes place in forward gear, the story of "Memento" continues to be told in retrograde. Writer-director Christopher Nolan ("Following") takes us back in time a few minutes to learn that the dead man, Teddy (Joe Pantoliano), was killed by Leonard Shelby (Guy Pearce) as vengeance for the rape and murder of his wife. More importantly, we learn that Leonard received a blow to the head while trying to save her and it severely damaged his short-term memory.

The film rewinds further, to earlier the same day when Leonard bumps into Teddy, pulls out of his pocket a stack of Polaroids he uses to keep track of the people and places in his life. He finds Teddy's picture and on the front he's written "Teddy 555-0134." On the back it says, "Don't believe his lies. He's the one. Kill him."


Leonard has to take his own word for it. He doesn't remember ever meeting Teddy before and he doesn't know when or why he wrote what he wrote on that picture. His wife's murder is the last thing he recalls, and he doesn't even know how many weeks, months or years have passed. Everything that has happened to him since never lasts more than 10 minutes in his mind.

But as "Memento" continues to turn the clock back, we bear witness to all that Leonard doesn't remember: the events that lead him to this blind act of vengeance -- not all of which are what they seem. An unforgettable, ingeniously original deconstructionist film noir, "Memento" is meticulously and precisely assembled so that each scene jumps back a few minutes or a few hours to reveal a little more of its mystery. Earlier scenes hint that Teddy may have been helping Leonard in his search. But why would Teddy do that if he's the one who killed Leonard's wife? The plot thickens.

Then there's Natalie (Carrie-Anne Moss), a bartender with an abusive boyfriend who seems to be the source of the last bits of evidence that get Teddy killed. "She's lost someone too," reads the back of her Polaroid. "She will help you out of pity."

Of course, Leonard doesn't remember either of them. They could have lied to him five minutes ago and he wouldn't know it -- and neither would we until later scenes reveal what happened earlier.

Although it may not sound like it, "Memento" is surprisingly easy to follow. It's also incredibly hard to describe and absolutely astonishing to watch.

Nolan provides flashbacks of Leonard's old life as an insurance adjuster in order to establish his background (it seems he once denied coverage for a man with the same mental condition he has now). A voice-over also helps bring the character into sharp focus. For instance, Leonard describes the system he's developed for keeping track of his life, including the Polaroids (his car, the hotel he's staying in, the people he meets) and the quite chilling tattoos he has all over his body spelling out the facts of his investigation that he can't afford to lose -- the verified clues to the identity his wife's killer.

Pearce (best known as the ambitious boy scout cop in "L.A. Confidential") gives an exhilarating, complex and appropriately enigmatic performance as Leonard, a man who wakes up every morning believing he just watched his wife die and remembering almost nothing except that his memory is fried. He has to piece together the same puzzle more than once a day and it's made him edgy, anguished and determined.

"How am I supposed to heal if I can't feel time?" he asks in one scene. Good point. Here's an even better one: "Even if you get revenge," Natalie tells him, "you're not going to remember it."

Moss's performance is as strong and abstruse as Pearce's -- and startling, too, because the further back "Memento" goes, the more is revealed about just how well Natalie understands and even manipulates Leonard's condition.

Nolan has a crackerjack command over the intricacies of this story. He makes emotions raw and abrupt (everything in Leonard's life is abrupt). He makes every single element of the film a clue to the larger picture (even Leonard's designer clothes hint at pieces of the puzzle yet to be filled in) as the story edges back toward the origins of his quest.

The movie's imposingly gritty, sometimes shadowy visual signature plays as much a role in setting the mood as Pearce's palatable tension and frustration. Yet Nolan isn't afraid of a little humor. "So what am I doing?" Leonard thinks in voiceover when a scene drops him in the middle of a foot chase. "I'm chasing this guy!" Then a bullet whizzes by his head. "No, he's chasing me!"

From time to time, "Memento" has a few convoluted moments that derail the viewer (or at least this viewer). But ultimately those moments serve as one of many motives for seeing this wildly cerebral movie more than once. Like "Fight Club," "The Sixth Sense" or "The Usual Suspects," the surprises in store once "Memento" reaches the "beginning" are so intensely mind-warping that the immediate desire to watch all the puzzle pieces fall into place all over again is almost an involuntary reflex.


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